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Marlborough Gallery

4 Quai Antonie 1er
MC 98000, Monaco
Tel.: (+377) 97 70 25 50
Fax: (+377) 97 70 25 59

General Information
Admission free
Open Monday thru Friday from 11:00AM to 6:00PM

Description
Marlborough Fine Art was founded in London in 1946 by Frank Lloyd and Harry Fischer, and the gallery conducted its first exhbibition in 1947. During the1950's, Marlborough developed an international client base and embraced a new generation of post-World War II artists including Henry Moore, Francis Bacon, Graham Sutherland and Ben Nicholson. In 1960, a second gallery was opened in Rome, in 1963 the New York and in 2000 the Monaco galleries were founded.
Marlborough Gallery represents such seminal artists as Fernando Botero, Claudio Bravo, Dale Chihuly, Chen Yifei, Arnaldo Pomodoro, Manolo Valdés as well as the Estates of Jacques Lipchitz, Oskar Kokoschka and Antonio Saura.

Saint Dévote

Description
Once upon a time right at the beginning of the 4th century there was, on the Island of Corsica, then a Roman province, a cruel governor who persecuted Christians. It was under these circumstances that Dévote, who had vowed her life to the service of God, was arrested, imprisoned and tortured. She died without denying her faith and her martyred corpse was placed by pious hands in a boat leaving for Africa where she would find, they believed, Christian burial.

But in the very early hours of the crossing, a storm arose. And from the mouth of Saint Dévote a dove made its appearance. The storm then abated. The dove guided the boat right up to the coast of Monaco where it ran aground at the entrance to the little valley of the Gaumates on a bush bearing early blossoms.

The body of Dévote was piously received by the small Christian community, which lived in the neighborhood. It is on this day, the sixth of the calends of February for us, January 27th of the year 312 of our era, that Saint Dévote took Monaco and its inhabitants under her protection. A rustic oratory marked the place of her tomb. The faithful residents and sailors passing through Monaco went there in greater and greater numbers to venerate the relics of the Saint and the first miracles took place.

It was then that an evil idea took possession in the mind of an unscrupulous man who, in the dead of night, stole the relics of the Saint with the intention of taking them beyond the seas and selling their powers.

The intended sacrilege was cut short as Providence was watching. A group of fishermen witnessed the robbery and with a few strokes of their oars, made much more powerful by their anger, overtook the thief and his precious plunder. Brought back on to the beach, the thief's boat was burnt as an expiatory sacrifice. During the sieges, which Monaco underwent in the sixteenth century, the Italian Wars and the Wars of Religion, the relics of the Saint were exposed on the ramparts, inspiring the defenders and spreading terror among the besiegers.

That heroic age has now passed away. However, the cult of Saint Dévote still remains strong in the Principality.

Positive proof of this can be seen by attending the ceremonies and events which take place, as soon as night falls, in and around the St. Dévote Church, which was constructed during the reign of Prince Charles III on the site of the original oratory.

Every year on this date, there is a torchlight procession, a religious ceremony and blessing followed by the setting on fire of a boat on a pyre decorated with olive, pine and laurel branches; a picturesque symbolic copy of the boat which the Monégasques burnt in the past to efface all trace of an unpardonable crime ! The evening finishes with a firework display over the Monaco harbor.

The life of Saint Dévote was superbly sung by the Monégasque poet Louis Notari (1879-1961). His poem "The Legend of Saint Dévote" was the starting-point, now more than half a century ago, of a sort of rebirth of the Monégasque tongue. This dialect, with its full-flavored intonations and its amazingly rich vocabulary, has since then been the subject of university theses both in France and elsewhere. It is included in the syllabus of the various schools of the Principality.

Carnival

Description
The tradition of the carnival in Monaco most likely dates back to the fifteenth century. The carnival, the period between the Sunday of Epiphany and Ash Wednesday, was the opportunity for people to enjoy themselves before the long and austere period of Lent.

Young people would disguise themselves as best they could in old clothes. They would form processions, exchanged bawdy cat calls and, holding a large piece of cloth by the corners, throw up into the air an ungainly dummy figure stuffed with straw and rags.

Fights with projectiles, which were often far from harmless - rotten eggs, chickpeas, gravel, oranges and lemons - enlivened the passing of the procession, which usually finished with the burning of the dummy amid general merriment. After this, weather permitting, there was dancing at the corner of the streets or in the fields to the shrill sound of makeshift instruments.

The tradition of the Carnival has been revived over the last thirty years or so with "Sciaratù". Organized by the Roca-Club, this comic procession with its floats, disguises, enormous dummy heads, fights with confetti and dancing in the open air, which rounds off the evening, takes place in the height of summer to the delight of tourists in search of local color.